Pragmatic Instruction Effects on Students’ EFL Production: A Qualitative Analysis

Indah Tri Purwanti


The present study aims to investigate whether the implementation of pragmatic instruction would change the students’ pragmatic production of English requests. The pragmatic instruction was based on an approach proposed by Martínez Flor and Usó Juan (2006). Thirty-four undergraduate students participated in the study. A discourse completion task was used to collect the data that were administered before and after the treatment. During the treatment, the participants followed the six phases of the approach. After the treatment, students’ pre-test was compared to that of the post-test. A qualitative analysis was used to scrutinise the request strategies. The result revealed that students’ production of requests was improved. Internal modifications, lexical and phrasal modifications, were sometimes used. The participants often employed the external modification, grounders. Besides, the result also displayed first language transfer.


pragmatic instruction; pragmatic production; requests; Indonesian; EFL.

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